Chlamydia (kluh-MID-e-uh) trachomatis (truh-KOH-muh-tis) is a common sexually transmitted ill health (STI) cause by bacteria. You may possibly not know you boast chlamydia because so many people never show the symbols or symptoms, such as genital pain and discharge from the vagina or penis.
Chlamydia trachomatis affects equally men and women and occurs in all age groups, though it’s most rampant among young women. Chlamydia isn’t tricky to treat once you know you contain it. If left crude, however, it can lead to more-serious wellbeing tribulations.
Early-stage Chlamydia trachomatis illness frequently cause few or no secret code and symptom. When signs or symptoms happen, they usually start one to two weeks after exposure to chlamydia. Even when signs and symptoms show up, they’re often mild and passing, making them easy to overlook.
Signs and symptoms of chlamydia trachomatis infection may include:
- Painful urination
- Lower abdominal pain
- Vaginal discharge in women
- Discharge from the penis in men
- Painful sexual intercourse in women
- Bleeding between periods and after sex in women
- Testicular pain in men
Chlamydia trachomatis can equally infect the rectum. While these infections often cause no signs or symptoms, you may notice rectal pain, discharge or bleeding.
It’s equally possible to acquire chlamydial eye infections (conjunctivitis) through contact with infected secretions.
When to see a doctor
See your doctor if you have a discharge from your vagina, penis or rectum, or if you have pain during urination. Also, see your doctor if your sexual partner shows that he or she has chlamydia. Your doctor will likely prescribe an antibiotic even if you have no symptoms.
Chlamydia trachomatis is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium and is most often spread through vaginal, oral and anal sex. It’s also possible for a mother to spread chlamydia to her child during delivery, causing pneumonia or a serious eye infection in her newborn.
Factors that may increase your risk of chlamydia trachomatis include:
- Being sexually active before age 25
- Multiple sex partners within the past year
- Not using a condom consistently
- History of prior sexually transmitted infection
Chlamydia trachomatis can be linked with:
- Other sexually transmitted infections.People who have chlamydia trachomatis are at higher risk of also having other STIs — inclusive of gonorrhea and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).PID is an infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes that create pelvic pain and fever. Severe infections may need hospitalization for intravenous antibiotics. PID can damage the fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus, including the cervix.
- Infection near the testicles (epididymitis).A chlamydia infection can inflame the coiled tube found beside each testicle (epididymis). The infection may result in fever, scrotal pain and swelling.
- Prostate gland infection.The chlamydia organism can spread to a man’s prostate gland. Prostatitis may lead to pain during or after sex, fever and chills, painful urination, and lower back pain.
- Infections in newborns.The chlamydia infection can pass from the vaginal canal to your child during delivery, creating pneumonia or a serious eye infection.
- Chlamydia infections — even those that show no signs or symptoms — can cause scarring and obstruction in the fallopian tubes, which may make women infertile.
- Reactive arthritis.People who have chlamydia trachomatis are at higher risk of developing reactive arthritis, also called Reiter’s syndrome. This condition typically affects the joints, eyes and urethra — the tube that carries urine from your bladder to outside of your body.
The surest way to stop a chlamydia trachomatis infection is to abstain from sexual activities. Short of that, you can:
- Use condoms.Use a male latex condom or a female polyurethane condom during each sexual contact. Condoms used correctly during every sexual encounter reduce but don’t eliminate the risk of infection.
- Limit your number of sex partners.Having multiple sex partners puts you at a high risk of contracting chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections.
- Get regular screenings.If you’re sexually active, particularly if you have multiple partners, talk with your doctor about how often you should be screened for chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections.
- Avoid douching.Douching isn’t recommended since it decreases the number of good bacteria present in the vagina, which may increase the risk of infection.