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WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF ABDOMINAL PAIN

healthymen101.comEveryone has abdominal pain from time to time. Other terms used to describe abdominal pain are stomachache, tummy ache, gut ache and bellyache. Abdominal pain can actually be mild or severe. It may be continuous or come and go. Abdominal pain can be short-lived (acute) or happen over weeks, months or years (chronic).

Call your doctor right away if you notice abdominal pain so severe that you can’t move without causing more pain, or you can’t sit still or find a comfortable position.

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Look for immediate medical help if pain is followed by other worrisome signs and symptoms, like:

  • Severe pain
  • Fever
  • Bloody stools
  • Persistent nausea and vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Skin that appears yellow
  • Severe tenderness when you touch your abdomen
  • Swelling of the abdomen

Causes

Abdominal pain has some  potential causes. The most common causes — such as gas pains, indigestion or a pulled muscle — usually are not serious. Other conditions may need more-urgent medical attention.

While the location and pattern of abdominal pain can offer important clues, its time course is particularly useful when determining its cause.

Acute abdominal pain starts, and often resolves, over a few hours to a few days. Chronic abdominal pain may be intermittent, or episodic, meaning it may come and go. This type of pain may be around for weeks to months, or even years. Some conditions cause progressive pain, which steadily gets worse over time.

Acute

The various other conditions that cause acute abdominal pain are usually offered by other signs and starts over hours to days. Causes can be from minor conditions that resolve without any treatment to serious medical emergencies, including:

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Appendicitis
  • Cholangitis (bile duct inflammation)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Cystitis (bladder inflammation)
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis (high levels of ketones in the blood)
  • Diverticulitis
  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Fecal impaction (hardened stool that can’t be eliminated)
  • Heart attack
  • Injury
  • Intussusceptions (in children)
  • Kidney infection
  • Kidney stones
  • Liver abscess (pus-filled pocket in the liver)
  • Mesenteric ischemia (decreased blood flow to the intestines)
  • Mesenteric lymphadenitis (swollen lymph nodes in the folds of membrane that hold the abdominal organs in place)
  • Mesenteric thrombosis (blood clot in a vein carrying blood away from your intestines)
  • Pancreatitis (pancreas inflammation)
  • Pericarditis (inflammation of the tissue around the heart)
  • Peritonitis (infection of the abdominal lining)
  • Pleurisy (inflammation of the membrane surrounding the lungs)
  • Pneumonia
  • Pulmonary infarction (loss of blood flow to the lungs)
  • Ruptured spleen
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Sclerosing mesenteritis
  • Shingles
  • Spleen infection
  • Splenic abscess (pus-filled pocket in the spleen)
  • Torn colon
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu)

Chronic (intermittent, or episodic)

The specific cause of chronic abdominal pain is often hard to determine. Symptoms may range from mild to severe, coming and going but not necessarily worsening over time. Conditions that may cause chronic abdominal pain include:

  • Angina (reduced blood flow to the heart)
  • Celiac disease
  • Endometriosis
  • Gallstones
  • Gastritis (inflammation of the stomach lining)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)(gastroesophageal reflux disease)
  • Hiatal hernia
  • Inguinal hernia
  • Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)
  • Mittelschmerz (pain associated with ovulation)
  • Nonulcer stomach pain
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) — infection of the female reproductive organs
  • Peptic ulcer

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  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Strained or pulled abdominal muscle
  • Ulcerative colitis

Progressive

Abdominal pain that slowly worsens over time, often followed by the development of other symptoms, is usually serious. Causes of progressive abdominal pain include:

  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)
  • Gallbladder cancer
  • Hepatitis (liver inflammation)
  • Kidney cancer
  • Lead poisoning
  • Liver cancer
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Stomach cancer
  • Tubo-ovarian abscess (pus-filled pocket involving a fallopian tube and an ovary)
  • Uremia (buildup of waste products in your blood)

 

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