Menstrual pains or cramps is one of the most common, annoying part of a woman’s period. This pain can strike right before or during that time of the month. Most women get them routinely.
These cramps are usually felt in the lower belly or back. They can range from mild to severe. They usually happen for the first time a year or two after a girl first gets her period. With age, they usually become less painful and may stop entirely after you have your first baby.
Many doctors refer to this pains as “dysmenorrhea.”
Symptoms of Menstrual pains
All women know how this feels like. You may have the following symptoms:
- Aching pain in your belly (sometimes severe)
- Feeling of pressure in your belly
- Pain in the hips, lower back, and inner thighs
When cramps are severe, symptoms may include:
- Upset stomach, sometimes with vomiting
- Loose stools
What Causes These Pains
Menstrual cramps occur as a result of contractions in the uterus, or womb, which is a muscle. If it contracts too strongly during your menstrual cycle, it can press against nearby blood vessels. This briefly cuts off the supply of oxygen to the uterus. It’s this lack of oxygen causes your pain and cramping.
What You Can Do
If you experience mild menstrual cramps, take medications like aspirin or another pain reliever, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen. For best relief, you must take these medications as soon as bleeding or cramping starts.
Heat can also help. Try and place a heating pad or hot water bottle on your lower back or tummy. Taking a warm bath may also provide some relief.
Consider doing the following:
- Rest when needed.
- Avoid foods that contain caffeine and salt.
- Not use tobacco or drink alcohol.
- Massage your lower back and abdomen.
Women who exercise regularly often have less menstrual pain. To help prevent cramps, make exercise a part of your weekly routine.
If these steps do not relieve pain, tell your doctor, in case you need medicines such as:
- Ibuprofen (higher dose than is available over the counter) or other prescription pain relievers
- Oral contraceptives (Women taking birth control pills have less menstrual pain.)
dysmenorrhea also refere to menstrual pains or cramps. Primary dysmenorrhea means that your cramps are due to your cycle. Secondary dysmenorrhea is the term your doctor may use if you have a problem in your reproductive organs that causes your cramps. Several conditions can cause it:
- Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue lining the uterus (the endometrium) is found outside of the uterus.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection caused by bacteria that starts in the uterus and can spread to other reproductive organs.
- Stenosis (narrowing) of the cervix , which is the lower part of the uterus, can be caused by scarring, as well as a lack of estrogen after menopause.
- The inner wall of the uterus may have fibroids (growths).
When to Call a Doctor
If the pains gets so severe or unusual and last for 2 or 3 days,please consult a doctor. Menstrual cramps, whatever the cause, can be treated, so it’s important to get checked.
When you meet a doctor, she will ask you about your symptoms and menstrual cycles. You’ll get a pelvic exam, in which your doctor will use a tool called a speculum to see into your vagina and cervix. She may take a small sample of vaginal fluid for testing, and use her fingers to check your uterus and ovaries for anything that doesn’t feel normal.
If the doctor notices that your pains or aren’t due to your period, you might need other tests to find the right treatment.
Frequently Asked Questions and Answers
- How do you stop period cramps?
To help you get through the monthly visit, here are some home remedies that ease menstrual cramps.
- Exercise. This might sound a little crazy and you might be thinking to yourself, I can barely move, let alone exercise. …
- Apply heat. …
- Drink chamomile tea. …
- Make sure you’re getting enough vitamin D. …
- Have an orgasm. …
- What does it feel like to have period pain?
- Emotionally, we might feel cranky, and not quite ourselves. Physical symptoms can include feeling ‘bloated‘, tender breasts, a swollen stomach, back and lower abdominal pain, headaches, a lack of concentration, mood swings, clumsiness, and even tiredness. For many of us, cramps are a signal that our blood flow is near.
3. What is good for menstrual cramps?
If you have mild menstrual cramps, take aspirin or another pain reliever, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen. For best relief, you must take these medications as soon as bleeding or cramping starts. Heat can also help. Place a heating pad or hot water bottle on your lower back or tummy.