Cataract- Ways To Prevent and Cure

Cataract is one of the eye defects affecting mostly people above 40. A cataract is the clouding of the eye’s natural lens, which lies behind the iris and the pupil. If not properly treated, Cataracts can result to vision loss. Cataracts don’t just happen, one or two things might be responsible for it. 
Cataracts are usually developed when protein builds up in the lens of your eye and makes it cloudy. This will prevent light from passing through clearly. In some cases, it can damage the eye completely.

Types of cataracts.
  • Congenital. This happens when babies are born with cataracts. Sometimes, this type of cataract are caused by infections, injury, or poor development in the womb. 
  • Age-related. People who may easily be affected by cataract, are those who are above 40 years old. As a person grows older, conditions like this may occur.
  • Secondary. This often happen as a result of other medical conditions, like diabetes. They can also result from being around toxic substances, ultraviolet light, or radiation, or from taking medicines.
Image result for images for cataractSymptoms

In some individuals, they may not know until notice light can’t pass through however, blocking lights from passing trough easily.

The symptoms can include:

  • Double vision in the affected eye
  • Vision that’s cloudy, blurry, foggy, changes in the way you see color
  • Trouble with eyeglasses or contact lenses not working well

Prevention Methods

Some measures can help in preventing cataract from occuring.

  1. See your eye doctor regularly.
    Specialises in eye diseases.
    Diagnoses and treats vision changes
  2. Eat a diet rich in vitamin A, and take lots of fruits and vegetables
  3. If you smoke, quit smoking
  4. Protect those eyes from the sun- Get sun glasses to avoid exposing the eyes to direct sunlight
  5. For those having diabetes, keep your diabetes under control

How Diagnose Cataract

Your eye doctor will give you an exam to test how well you can see. He’ll also dilate your pupil to check the lens and other parts of the eye.

Treatment Options
Usually, early cataract may be improved with new eyeglasses, brighter lighting, anti-glaresunglasses, or magnifying lenses.
In most cases, treatment consists of surgery. Surgery involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial lens.

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