ECTOPIC PREGNANCY: CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS

Expecting moms do everything withing their powers to avoid complication during pregnancy; either by taking religiously their pregnancy routine drugs, and keeping up to date with their antinatal visits.

A normal pregnancy is suppose to last for 37 weeks – 42 weeks. A pregnancy without complications is bliss. When there is an issue in the pregnancy, it may result to loss of the pregnancy.

However, complications can occur in different stages of the pregnancy. Pregnancy in which the fertilised egg implants outside the uterus is termed Ectopic pregnancy.

An ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg attaches itself in a place other than inside the uterus. Almost all ectopic pregnancies occur in the fallopian tube and are thus sometimes called tubal pregnancies.  Ectopic pregnancy condition is not too common. The structure containing the fetus typically ruptures after about 6 to 16 weeks, long before the fetus is seen.

In ectopic pregnancy, the fetus cannot survive and the mom could suffer life-threatening internal bleeding.

Image result for images for ectopic pregnancy

In most cases, ectopic pregnancy presents the symptoms of a normal pregnancy. An ectopic will produce the pregnancy hormone hcg, this makes a pregnancy test positive.

Causes Of Ectopic Pregnancy

Read also: Miscarriage- Symptoms, Diagnoses and Treatment Options

  • An infection or inflammation of the fallopian tube can cause it to become partially or entirely blocked.

 

  • Scar tissue from a previous infection or a surgical procedure on the tube may also impede the egg’s movement.
  • Previous surgery in the pelvic area or on the tubes can cause adhesions.
  • Abnormal growths or a birth defect can result in an abnormality in the tube’s shape.

Risk factors of Ectopic pregnancy

Research proved that some risk factors might be responsible for an ectopic pregnancy for example:

  • Women within the of age of 35-44 years
  • Previous pelvic or abdominal surgery
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Several induced abortions
  • Undergoing fertility treatments or are using fertility medications
  • Endometriosis

 Signs/symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy comes with early pregnancy symptoms. Generally, when the symptoms are accompanied with the following, it may be some kind of danger.

  •  A very sharp or stabbing pain that is off and on usaully in the pelvis, abdomen, or even the shoulder and neck region. This may be due to blood from a ruptured ectopic pregnancy gathering up under the diaphragm.
  • Vaginal bleeding, heavier or lighter than your normal period
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms.
  • There is always a general body weakness, dizziness, sometimes, fainting.

 Diagnosis For Ectopic Pregnancy

The surest way to diagnose an ectopic pregnancy is through ultrasound where the sonographer or doctor performs some pelvic examination to locate pain, tenderness, in the abdomen and also check if the uterus contains a developing fetus.

Another way could be by inserting a needle into a space at the very top of the vagina, behind the uterus and in front of the rectum. The presence of blood in this area may indicate bleeding from a ruptured fallopian tube This method is called culdocentesis.

Treatment For Ectopic Pregnancy

Usually. treatment consists of chemotherapy
To prevent complications, treatment is required. In the early stages, medication may be sufficient that is if the tube has ruptured and started bleeding, part or all of it may have to be removed so as to stop the bleeding.
Later stages require surgery. Laparoscopic surgery under general anesthesia may be performed. This procedure involves a surgeon using a laparoscope to remove the ectopic pregnancy and repair or remove the affected fallopian tube. If the ectopic pregnancy cannot be removed by a laparoscopically, another surgical procedure called a laparotomy may be done.

 

 

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