In some healthy persons, dry skin condition may be their own worrying situation. Although, having dry skin may not be entirely hinged on any underlying medical condition, but simply as a result of not having adequate water in the body.
In clear terms, dry skin, medically known as xerosis, which is almost a very common skin condition is featured by a lack of sufficient amount of water in the most superficial layer of the skin, that is the epidermis. The epidermis is normally composed of fat (lipid) and protein. The lipid portion of the epidermis along with specific epidermal proteins (for example, filaggrin) help prevent skin dehydration.
Anyone can develope dry skin condition. It can affect men and women; including old and young. In elderly persons, dry skin developed as a result of the diminished amounts of natural skin oils and lubricants. Areas affected mostly are the arms, hands, and the legs.
Causes of dry skin
Environmental factors, such as humidity and temperature, have a profound effect on the amount of water retained within the skin. Also, dry skin may also be a side effect of some medications.
External factors that can cause dry skin include
- over-washing with harsh soaps,
- overuse of sanitizers and lipid solvents (alcohol),
- cold temperature,
- low humidity.
Signs and symptoms of dry skin
The most common symptom of a dry skin is itching. People who have dry skin can often find rough, dry, red patches on their skin, and these patches are often itchy. Areas mostly affected include arms, hands, lower legs, abdomen, and areas of friction such as ankles and soles.
Treatment for dry skin
Treatment for dry skin may involve a combination of one or two tips. However, staying hydrated and eating healthy meals can improve the condition. Daily moisturization is very helpful too. External treatments like creams and lotions can be applied and effectively control the skin problem. Often, dry skin can be improved by applying a bland over-the-counter moisturizer.
Home remedies for dry skin
Some expensive lotions/ creams made specifically for treating dry skin may not work for everyone. However, trying out some simple and natural tips can produce great results.
Tips to try
- Moisturize daily with natural substances. Example: Coconut oil, aloevera gel, olive oil.
- Use mild soaps.
- Avoid using very hot water to bathe.
- Drink adequate water.
- Avoid junk foods.